Research and Innovation

   

Non-public R&D expenditure amounts to what percentage of GDP?

EUOECD
 
Top group
Score
Non-public R&D Spending
10
Israel
10.0
3.72
South Korea
10.0
3.28
9
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---
 
Upper middle group
8
Japan
8.4
2.67
Switzerland
8.1
2.55
7
Sweden
7.6
2.38
Austria
7.0
2.14
6
Germany
6.9
2.11
Denmark
6.8
2.09
Finland
6.7
2.06
USA
6.7
2.06
Belgium
6.3
1.92
 
Lower middle group
5
Slovenia
5.9
1.76
Australia
5.1
1.47
France
5.1
1.46
4
Iceland
4.8
1.37
Netherlands
4.7
1.34
Czech Rep.
4.7
1.31
UK
4.4
1.21
Norway
4.0
1.06
3
Canada
3.8
1.02
Hungary
3.5
0.89
Ireland
3.5
0.89
Italy
3.3
0.83
Estonia
3.2
0.80
New Zealand
3.2
0.80
Slovakia
3.2
0.80
Bulgaria
3.1
0.76
Spain
3.0
0.72
 
Bottom group
2
Portugal
2.9
0.69
Lithuania
2.9
0.67
Luxembourg
2.8
0.66
Turkey
2.8
0.64
Greece
2.6
0.58
Poland
2.6
0.58
Croatia
2.5
0.53
Malta
2.4
0.52
Latvia
2.2
0.43
1
Romania
1.8
0.29
Cyprus
1.7
0.24
Chile
1.6
0.20
Mexico
1.4
0.16
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