Research and Innovation

   

Public R&D expenditure amounts to what percentage of GDP?

EUOECD
 
Top group
Score
Public R&D Spending
10
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9
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Upper middle group
8
South Korea
8.1
0.96
Austria
8.0
0.95
7
Sweden
7.8
0.93
Denmark
7.4
0.87
Norway
7.4
0.87
Finland
7.2
0.84
Switzerland
7.0
0.82
Germany
7.0
0.81
6
Australia
6.7
0.78
France
6.7
0.77
Iceland
6.2
0.71
Estonia
6.1
0.69
USA
6.1
0.69
 
Lower middle group
5
Netherlands
5.9
0.66
Czech Rep.
5.6
0.62
Luxembourg
5.5
0.61
Belgium
5.0
0.55
Israel
5.0
0.55
Portugal
5.0
0.55
4
Italy
4.8
0.51
Canada
4.7
0.50
Spain
4.7
0.50
Hungary
4.5
0.47
Japan
4.5
0.47
New Zealand
4.5
0.47
UK
4.4
0.46
Slovenia
4.2
0.44
Greece
4.2
0.43
Poland
4.1
0.42
3
Slovakia
3.8
0.38
Lithuania
3.7
0.37
Mexico
3.5
0.34
Croatia
3.3
0.31
Ireland
3.3
0.31
 
Bottom group
2
Malta
2.8
0.25
Cyprus
2.8
0.24
Turkey
2.8
0.24
Bulgaria
2.5
0.20
Latvia
2.5
0.20
Romania
2.5
0.20
Chile
2.3
0.17
1
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