Croatia

   

Environmental Policies

#24
Key Findings
With new programs in the early phases of implementation, Croatia falls into the lower-middle ranks (rank 24) with regard to environmental policies. Its score in this area has declined by 0.1 point relative to 2014.

The country’s environmental policy has been strongly shaped by EU accession. Waste management, water management and air quality are the most important issues. However, program implementation has been slow, with considerable investment still needed to reach goals in these sectors.

The environmental reporting system was improved in 2018, but regulatory enforcement has not been a strong focus.

The country supports U.N. environmental programs, and works closely with the European Union on related issues. It has reduced its emissions of greenhouse gases, with renewable sources accounting for a 20% share of energy consumption.

Environment

#32

How effectively does environmental policy protect and preserve the sustainability of natural resources and quality of the environment?

10
 9

Environmental policy effectively protects, preserves and enhances the sustainability of natural resources and quality of the environment.
 8
 7
 6


Environmental policy largely protects and preserves the sustainability of natural resources and quality of the environment.
 5
 4
 3


Environmental policy insufficiently protects and preserves the sustainability of natural resources and quality of the environment.
 2
 1

Environmental policy has largely failed to protect and preserve the sustainability of natural resources and quality of the environment.
Environmental Policy
4
Environmental policy in Croatia has been strongly shaped by Croatia’s accession to the European Union. According to the National Strategic Reference Framework, which guides the use of EU Structural and Cohesion Fund money, Croatia is to spend almost €10 billion on waste management, water management and air protection – the three most important environmental issues in the EU accession negotiations – by 2023. However, implementation of the envisaged measures has progressed slowly. The regulatory framework was extended in 2018 with the amendments of the Environmental Protection Act. However, while improving the environment reporting system, they failed to expedite the passing of the rules and regulations required for enforcement of laws. In water management, substantial investment in the public water supply and drainage system and wastewater treatment system is needed, because there is still a high percentage of water loss (48%) in this system. The progress is waste management is also inadequate: of 12 regional waste management centers planned, only two have been completed – both in western parts of the country. Another problem is the fact that these planned waste management centers are to be focused primarily on mixed municipal waste, which is to be treated mechanically and biologically and turned into the fuel for incinerators in the regional centers. The focus is still not on measures aiming primarily at the selection, separate collection and re-use of waste as one of the key policy tools of the development toward a circular economy.

Citations:
Tišma, S., Funduk, M. (2018): Zaštita okoliša/Environmental Protection, in: V. Samardžija (eds.), Izazovi provedbe europskih politika u Hrvatskoj/The Challenges of European Policies Implementation in Croatia. Zagreb: IRMO, 179-218.
European Commission (2017): The EU Environmental Implementation Review Country Report Croatia. SWD (2017) 45 final, Brussels (http://ec.europa.eu/environment/eir/pdf/report_hr_en.pdf).

Global Environmental Protection

#15

To what extent does the government actively contribute to the design and advancement of global environmental protection regimes?

10
 9

The government actively contributes to international efforts to design and advance global environmental protection regimes. In most cases, it demonstrates commitment to existing regimes, fosters their advancement and initiates appropriate reforms.
 8
 7
 6


The government contributes to international efforts to strengthen global environmental protection regimes. It demonstrates commitment to existing regimes and occasionally fosters their advancement or initiates appropriate reforms.
 5
 4
 3


The government demonstrates commitment to existing regimes, but neither fosters their advancement nor initiates appropriate reforms.
 2
 1

The government does not contribute to international efforts to strengthen global environmental protection regimes.
Global Environmental Policy
6
Croatia strongly adheres to international environmental standards. During the accession negotiations with the European Union, Croatia incorporated these standards in its national law almost completely. The country has also supported the goals of the Kyoto Protocol and played a major role in the United Nations’ decision to make 2011 the International Year of Forests. In the period under review, however, Croatia did not launch any major global initiatives. With regard to implementation of the targets set by the Kyoto Protocol, Croatia has reduced emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs). Also, the share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption is 20%.
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