Czechia

   

Environmental Policies

#19
Key Findings
With a mixed record on environmental issues, Czechia’s score for environmental policies places it in the middle ranks (rank 19) internationally. Its score on this measure has declined by 0.2 points relative to 2014.

Greenhouse-gas and other emissions have shown long-term declines. Surface and groundwater pollution has also diminished. A climate-protection strategy has been adopted that reflects international commitments and EU strategies, though an EU evaluation has pointed to mixed performance with regard to evaluation.

The new government has focused on issues including water and waste management, agricultural land protection, air quality, support for low-emission vehicles, and biodiversity. Plans are underway to expand a nuclear power plant.

The country is not a driving force in shaping global environmental agendas, and has opposed ambitious CO2-reduction goals. However, it ratified the 2015 Paris climate agreement in late 2017.

Environment

#18

How effectively does environmental policy protect and preserve the sustainability of natural resources and quality of the environment?

10
 9

Environmental policy effectively protects, preserves and enhances the sustainability of natural resources and quality of the environment.
 8
 7
 6


Environmental policy largely protects and preserves the sustainability of natural resources and quality of the environment.
 5
 4
 3


Environmental policy insufficiently protects and preserves the sustainability of natural resources and quality of the environment.
 2
 1

Environmental policy has largely failed to protect and preserve the sustainability of natural resources and quality of the environment.
Environmental Policy
6
Czechia continues to battle both a historical legacy of environmental damage and other ongoing environmental issues. There has been a long-term trend of decline in emissions of acidifying substances, ozone precursors, primary particles, secondary particulate precursors, greenhouse gas emissions from the manufacturing industry. Surface and groundwater pollution has also diminished over time.

The main priorities of the State Environmental Policy of Czechia 2012-2020 are the sustainable use of resources, climate and air protection, nature and landscape protection and safe environment. The focus of the new Babiš government is on water management (measures against drought and efforts for water retention, wastewater management, water infrastructure ownership, reconstruction, and maintenance); waste management (strengthening strategic raw material security and self-sufficiency, by recycling discount for municipalities and individual citizens); protection of agricultural land; air quality (particularly in Moravian-Silesian and Ústí Regions), where air quality remains low; support for low-emission vehicles in public and private transport; accelerating the shift away from fossil fuels by households; biodiversity (possibly extension of areas of environmental protection, including forest areas). These priorities follow the 2016 National Action Plan on Adaptation to Climate Change and a climate protection strategy for the period until 2030 with a long-term outlook until 2050 and the evaluation by the EU in 2017, which pointed to a mixed performance in the implementation effectiveness of environmental policies. It remains to be seen how these priorities will be implemented, not least in view of the imminent reduction in EU funding. The government plans to expand the nuclear power plant Dukovany in order to decrease the reliance on non-renewable (fossil) fuels, but this has also met with suspicion from EU and NATO allies over the possible involvement of Russia and China. In October 2018, Prime Minister Babiš assured U.S. Defense Minister Mattis that the enlargement of Dukovany is in a planning stage and no negotiations are taking place with either Russia or China.

Global Environmental Protection

#20

To what extent does the government actively contribute to the design and advancement of global environmental protection regimes?

10
 9

The government actively contributes to international efforts to design and advance global environmental protection regimes. In most cases, it demonstrates commitment to existing regimes, fosters their advancement and initiates appropriate reforms.
 8
 7
 6


The government contributes to international efforts to strengthen global environmental protection regimes. It demonstrates commitment to existing regimes and occasionally fosters their advancement or initiates appropriate reforms.
 5
 4
 3


The government demonstrates commitment to existing regimes, but neither fosters their advancement nor initiates appropriate reforms.
 2
 1

The government does not contribute to international efforts to strengthen global environmental protection regimes.
Global Environmental Policy
5
Environmental policy in Czechia is significantly shaped by the country’s obligations to implement EU legislation. In June 2016, together with other EU countries, Czechia agreed to a 20% greenhouse gas reduction target by 2020 (baseline is 1990). This is in line with Agenda 2020. Czechia remains a passive recipient of EU and international agendas. Together with other East-Central European member states, Czechia has opposed more ambitious goals. In its government manifesto, the Babiš government has reiterated its commitment to the tasks and objectives of the Paris Agreement.
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