Romania

   

Environmental Policies

#24
Key Findings
Suffering from ongoing difficulties with pollution and waste, Romania falls into the lower-middle ranks internationally (rank 24) with regard to its environmental policies. Its score on this measure has declined by 0.2 points relative to 2014.

Romania continues to struggle with developing and implementing comprehensive environmental regulations. Despite improvements to the waste-management regime, households and companies recycle little. The Danube river and its watershed are polluted by industrial and agricultural run-off, with soil degradation from poor farming practices increasing pressure on the ecosystem.

Illegal logging conducted by organized crime groups remains a problem. The forestry sector more generally suffers from poor regulation.

The country participated in the Paris climate conference, and has undertaken some measures to uphold its commitments. However, the withdrawal of the United States from the accord has relieved some international pressure to meet its obligations.

Environment

#23

How effectively does environmental policy protect and preserve the sustainability of natural resources and quality of the environment?

10
 9

Environmental policy effectively protects, preserves and enhances the sustainability of natural resources and quality of the environment.
 8
 7
 6


Environmental policy largely protects and preserves the sustainability of natural resources and quality of the environment.
 5
 4
 3


Environmental policy insufficiently protects and preserves the sustainability of natural resources and quality of the environment.
 2
 1

Environmental policy has largely failed to protect and preserve the sustainability of natural resources and quality of the environment.
Environmental Policy
5
Despite its membership in the EU, Romania continues to struggle with developing and implementing comprehensive environmental regulations. Despite improvements to the country’s waste management regulatory regime, households and companies recycle very little and the implementation of the EU’s Strategy and Legislation on Hazardous Waste and Chemicals remains ineffective. The structural factors inhibiting success include petty corruption, under-resourced enforcement agencies and the economic development incentive of a weak regulatory regime. The Danube river and lower Danube watershed in Romania is one of the largest in Europe but struggles against the significant industrial and agricultural run-off from Romania and elsewhere in Europe. Soil degradation resulting from increased agriculture and poor farming practices are putting additional pressure on this important ecosystem. Organized crime manifests itself in illegal forestry as evident in the Directorate for Investigation of Organized Crime and Terrorism (DIICOT) operation in 2018 to break-up a €25m illegal logging ring, estimated to be one of the largest in Europe. Forestry has the potential to be a strong industrial sector with forests covering more than 25% of the country, but a lack of reliability and regulation have prohibited the forestry sector from truly thriving.

Global Environmental Protection

#22

To what extent does the government actively contribute to the design and advancement of global environmental protection regimes?

10
 9

The government actively contributes to international efforts to design and advance global environmental protection regimes. In most cases, it demonstrates commitment to existing regimes, fosters their advancement and initiates appropriate reforms.
 8
 7
 6


The government contributes to international efforts to strengthen global environmental protection regimes. It demonstrates commitment to existing regimes and occasionally fosters their advancement or initiates appropriate reforms.
 5
 4
 3


The government demonstrates commitment to existing regimes, but neither fosters their advancement nor initiates appropriate reforms.
 2
 1

The government does not contribute to international efforts to strengthen global environmental protection regimes.
Global Environmental Policy
5
Romania continues to be an active participant in multilateral fora focused on environmental stewardship and climate change. An example of this engagement was the announcement that Romania is the future home of a North American Treaty Organization (NATO) Centre of Excellence focused on environmental protection. The new center will be co-developed and managed by the Ministries of Defense and the Environment. Like all signatories to the 2015 Paris Conference on Climate Change, Romania has taken some measures to uphold its commitments, but the withdrawal of the United States has relieved some international pressure to meet its obligations.
Back to Top