Research, Innovation and Infrastructure

 

How high is private R&D expenditure, as a percentage of GDP?

EUOECD
 
Top group
Score
Private R&D Spending
10
Israel
10.0
4.30
South Korea
10.0
3.60
9
---
---
 
Upper middle group
8
Japan
8.9
2.79
Sweden
8.2
2.53
7
Switzerland
7.8
2.42
Austria
7.3
2.24
Denmark
7.3
2.22
Germany
7.3
2.22
USA
7.2
2.18
Belgium
7.0
2.13
6
Finland
6.5
1.94
 
Lower middle group
5
France
5.2
1.50
Australia
5.2
1.47
Slovenia
5.1
1.44
4
Netherlands
4.8
1.36
Iceland
4.7
1.30
Czechia
4.6
1.27
UK
4.5
1.24
Norway
4.2
1.12
3
Canada
3.9
1.03
Italy
3.6
0.93
Hungary
3.6
0.91
Ireland
3.5
0.88
New Zealand
3.5
0.88
Portugal
3.3
0.81
Estonia
3.2
0.77
Spain
3.1
0.74
Luxembourg
3.0
0.72
Greece
3.0
0.70
 
Bottom group
2
Turkey
2.8
0.64
Poland
2.8
0.63
Lithuania
2.6
0.57
Bulgaria
2.6
0.56
Slovakia
2.5
0.52
Croatia
2.4
0.49
Malta
2.1
0.40
Cyprus
2.0
0.34
1
Romania
1.9
0.32
Latvia
1.8
0.29
Chile
1.5
0.19
Mexico
1.2
0.07
Back to Top