Research, Innovation and Infrastructure

 

How high is public R&D expenditure, as a percentage of GDP?

EUOECD
 
Top group
Score
Public R&D Spending
10
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9
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Upper middle group
8
Norway
8.3
0.98
7
Austria
7.9
0.93
South Korea
7.9
0.93
Switzerland
7.5
0.87
Germany
7.3
0.85
Sweden
7.3
0.84
Denmark
7.2
0.83
6
Finland
6.9
0.79
Australia
6.8
0.78
Iceland
6.5
0.74
France
6.3
0.71
 
Lower middle group
5
Czechia
5.9
0.66
USA
5.9
0.65
Netherlands
5.6
0.62
Luxembourg
5.1
0.55
Portugal
5.1
0.55
Belgium
5.0
0.53
4
Canada
4.8
0.51
Estonia
4.8
0.51
Israel
4.8
0.51
New Zealand
4.7
0.49
Greece
4.6
0.48
Japan
4.6
0.48
Spain
4.5
0.47
Italy
4.3
0.44
UK
4.3
0.44
Slovenia
4.2
0.43
Hungary
4.1
0.42
Poland
4.0
0.40
3
Croatia
3.8
0.37
Lithuania
3.5
0.33
Slovakia
3.4
0.32
Turkey
3.4
0.32
Ireland
3.0
0.27
 
Bottom group
2
Mexico
2.8
0.24
Latvia
2.6
0.22
Cyprus
2.6
0.21
Bulgaria
2.3
0.18
Malta
2.3
0.18
Romania
2.3
0.18
Chile
2.3
0.17
1
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