Romania

   

Environmental Policies

#21
Key Findings
Suffering from ongoing difficulties with pollution and waste, Romania falls into the middle ranks internationally (rank 21) with regard to its environmental policies. Its score on this measure has improved by 0.3 points relative to 2014.

Romania continues to struggle with developing and implementing comprehensive environmental regulations. Implementation of various environmental taxes, including those for landfills and car registration, have faced persistent delays.

Air pollution via households, the energy sector, and car use has resulted in especially poor air quality. Illegal foresting is a serious problem. The waste management system is underdeveloped, with extremely low recycling rates and poor economic incentives. Regulatory weaknesses enable the burning of potentially dangerous waste,

Climate and biodiversity protections are weak. The country lags behind other EU members on green infrastructure, climate change adaptation, risk prevention and resilience, and emissions.

Environment

#25

How effectively does environmental policy in your country protect and preserve the sustainability of natural resources and environmental quality?

10
 9

Environmental policy goals are ambitious and effectively implemented as well as monitored within and across most relevant policy sectors that account for the largest share of resource use and emissions.
 8
 7
 6


Environmental policy goals are mainly ambitious and effectively implemented and are monitored within and across some of the relevant policy sectors that account for the largest share of resource use and emissions.
 5
 4
 3


Environmental policy goals are neither particularly ambitious nor are they effectively implemented and coordinated across relevant policy sectors.
 2
 1

Environmental concerns have been largely abandoned.
Environmental Policy
5
While EU accession has improved environmental protection, environmental policy goals in Romania remain modest. Environmental concerns are not effectively integrated across relevant policy sectors. And the implementation of various environmental policies is deficient at best.

The implementation of various environmental taxes, including those for landfills and car registration, have faced persistent delays. Air pollution via households, the energy sector, and car use has resulted in especially poor air quality. Romania’s woodlands are under great threat, as up to 20 million cubic meters of wood (700 million cubic feet) are illegally harvested each year. Romania continues to lag behind other EU members on green infrastructure, climate change adaptation, risk prevention and resilience, and emissions. The waste management system remains underdeveloped and characterized by extremely low recycling rates due to a lack of separate collection (14% as of 2017), a lack of infrastructure and administrative capacity, and poor economic incentives to move away from disposal, among others. The media has criticized the import of recyclable materials to ensure recycling companies remain open and regulatory weaknesses which enable the burning of potentially dangerous waste. While attempts to address some of these concerns have been put into motion, including an interministerial committee, a number of EU-funded projects, and national and county-specific waste management plans, the results remain to be seen, with implementation expected to prove challenging. Climate and biodiversity protection remain deficient as well.

Global Environmental Protection

#21

To what extent does the government actively contribute to the design and advancement of global environmental protection regimes?

10
 9

The government actively contributes to international efforts to design and advance global environmental protection regimes. In most cases, it demonstrates commitment to existing regimes, contributes to their being advanced and has introduced appropriate reforms.
 8
 7
 6


The government contributes to international efforts to strengthen global environmental protection regimes. It demonstrates commitment to existing regimes and occasionally contributes to their being advanced and/or has introduced some appropriate reforms.
 5
 4
 3


The government demonstrates commitment to existing regimes, but does not contribute to their being advanced and has not introduced appropriate reforms.
 2
 1

The government does not contribute to international efforts to strengthen global environmental protection regimes.
Global Environmental Policy
5
Romania continues to be an active participant in multilateral fora focused on environmental stewardship and climate change. An example of this engagement was the announcement that Romania is the future home of a North American Treaty Organization (NATO) Centre of Excellence focused on environmental protection. The new center will be co-developed and managed by the Ministries of Defense and the Environment. Like all signatories to the 2015 Paris Conference on Climate Change, Romania has taken some measures to uphold its commitments, but the withdrawal of the United States has relieved some international pressure to meet its obligations.
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